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E-BIKE CLASSIFICATIONS:

(Rails to Trails)

The bike industry has developed a three-tier classification system for e-bikes to clearly delineate them from other motorized vehicles. This system is based on the power source and maximum assisted speed of the bicycle.   

Class I e-bikes are those in which the motor provides a boost only when a rider is pedaling. The boost cuts out at 20 miles per hour (mph), and the rider must rely on their own muscle power to go any faster than that.   

Class II e-bikes are those in which the throttle can be switched to provide a boost up to a maximum assisted speed of 20 mph, without any pedaling required. The boost cuts out at 20 mph, and the rider must rely on their own muscle power to go any faster than that.   

Class III e-bikes are pedal-assist like Class Iís, except they have a maximum assisted speed of 28 mph. They are also equipped with a speedometer.  

Typically, where e-bikes have been allowed off-road on multiuse trails, they have been Class Iís and Class IIís, and are subject to the same rules and regulations that govern other cyclists.  

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE E-BIKE POLICY:

All three classes of e-bikes are allowed on cycling trails in national parks, though Class 2 and Class 3 e-bikes are not allowed to use the throttle control. Those e-bikes must be pedaled like standard Class 1 e-bikes while on national park trails. Thus far it appears this will be handled on the honor system.

BLM E-BIKE POLICY:

For individual Bike Trails please check that trails website for E-Bike policy as it varies widely.

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